The Evolving Cultural Heritage Concept: A Theoretical Review of Cultural Heritage in Indonesia


The concept of cultural heritage offers an idea about recognising and appreciating culture. This idea considers culture as a representation of human civilisation inherited through generations. It is interesting to explore how a concept, which is initially introduced by an international platform, is relevant to the local culture. Regarding this, Indonesia is the best example in explaining this situation because this country has evolved this concept for many years since the colonial period. This inquiry is addressed in a theoretical study regarding the development of cultural heritage concept in Indonesia. A reflection on case studies articulates theories with the context. At the end of this paper, this study proposes an approach inquiring cultural heritage from the global and local perspective

Cultural heritage; conservation; symbol; local wisdom; historical memory

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IOSR Journal of Engineering
The Evolving Cultural Heritage Concept

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Cultural significance determination as preliminary analysis in preserving urban historical area (Case study on municipality of Blitar, Indonesia)

ABSTRACT: – History is a cultural richness because through history, a nation has strong foundation in future development. Blitar is one of the Indonesia city that has history richness. In the past, this city linked directly with Indonesian independence movements as the home town of Indonesian Independence Proclaimer and as place of PETA rebellions. It is important that the historical value becomes consideration in determining appropriate preservation action for plan further development strategies on an historical area. This research uses 36 objects in form of building complexes and sculptures. Analysis techniques utilized in this research are factor analysis, multi-criteria evaluation, cluster analysis and t-test. Preliminary variables utilized in this research are cultural significance parameters called theoretical variables. These theoretical variables then were extracted using factor analysis in to 3 factors. The results of this research are the cultural signification level of every object and clustering of objects that form 6 cluster based on their cultural signification attributes. As the result using t-test, it was proved that development of clusters has relationship with cultural significance level of each objects, so the model proposed by cluster analysis then can be utilized to explain pattern of cultural significance attributes of each objects.
KEYWORDS: – Cluster, Factor, Preservation, Urban History


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This paper is published in:
IOSR Journal of Engineering (IOSRJEN)
SSN: 2250-3021 Volume 2, Issue 8 (August 2012), PP.16-22
DOI: 10.9790/3021-02811622

Cultural significance determination as preliminary analysis in preserving urban historical area

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Saat ini desain lingkungan binaan (bangunan dan kawasan) dipermudah dengan keluarnya aplikasi opensource FORMIT. Aplikasi ini diproduksi oleh Autodesk dan dapat dipergunakan mempergunakan gatget berbasis IOS (Apple – Ipad dan Iphone) dan Android. Meskipun begitu, aplikasi ini juga dapat dinikmati mempergunakan komputer desktop berbasis Windows dan Macintosh dalam versi beta

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